G20 Emerging Economies’ Perspective on Resource Efficiency Challenges and Prospects

“G20 Emerging Economies’ Perspective on Resource Efficiency Challenges and Prospects”

Supported by two GIZ (German Bilateral Development Cooperation Agency) projects: “Resource Efficiency Initiative for India (EU-REI)”, commissioned by the EU and “Initiative Resource Efficiency and Climate Action”, commissioned by BMU through IKI

Objective:      To discuss the multi-level approach to foster Resource Efficiency

Focus:           G20 – National – Federal State – Community

Format:         Moderated discussion based on 5 spotlight presentations

Time:             24. October, 8:30 – 10:00

Moderator: Dieter Mutz, Team Leader (EU- Resource Efficiency Initiative)


  • Welcome by the moderator and setting the scene (5 min)
  • Brief presentation of the two GIZ projects on RE (5 min)
  • Five Spotlight presentations: (7 minutes each = 35 min)
  • The need for a coherent G20 approach on Resource Efficiency
    (Astrid Schomaker, EU Commission Environment)
  • A comparative perspective of resource utilization on different countries
    (Monika Dittrich, IFEU)
  • From a baseline study to a National Resource Efficiency Policy in India
    (Rachna Arora, EU-REI):
  • Guanajuato’s approach to foster RE
    (Marisa Ortiz (Minister of the Environment, State of Guanajuato, Mexico))
  • Resource efficiency at the local level
    (G. Subrahmanyam / A. Bharti (Govardhan Eco Village))
  • Moderated discussion based on the following three guiding questions: (40 min)
  • Do we (still) focus largely on national and global policy development and neglect the implementation at the state or local level?
  • How to design and implement a RE policy that addresses implementation at the global, national, state and local level especially in context of the G 20 priorities?
  • How to strengthen the action at the local level and how can the voice and concerns of civil society and communities be better represented in the discussions?
  • Summary and Wrap-up (5 minutes)

* co-organized by two GIZ projects:

“Resource Efficiency Initiative for India (EU-REI)”, commissioned by the European Union

“Initiative Resource Efficiency and Climate Action”, commissioned by BMU through IKI

For additional information, please consult the below documents:


According to recent UNEP International Resource Panel predictions, the rise in global resource use is intensifying environmental problems such as climate change, soil degradation and the loss of biodiversitypotentially beyond planetary boundaries. The G20 countries currently represent 80% of global economic output and 82% of COemissionsWhile the G7 countries are overall still leading in resource consumption, emerging G20 countries such as Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico and South Africa, with their strong economic growth, are now also making increasing contributions.  

Given this urgency, there is an increasing intensified effort by international policy networks (e.g. G7 and G 20) to tackle unsustainable resource use and improve resource efficiency. For example, the G20 Resource Efficiency Dialoguelaunched in 2017, is aiming to exchange good practice examples, to enhance knowledge of policy options and to improve their scientific basis. It builds on the “G7 alliance for resource efficiency” in order to address action together with key emerging economies. 

Comparatively, extensive experience exists in G 20 emerging economies with approaches to increasing energy efficiency. However, most have started to develop and implement their own policies to unlock resource efficiency potentials including also material efficiency. The direction of overarching resource efficiency policies is currently in most G20 emerging economies a strong point of discussion.  The focus set by the respective country reflects their situation to date regarding raw material supply, the economic orientation and environmental problems and challenges faced by the country. A particular key challenge yet is reliable, transparent and comparable data of material flows and overall resource efficiency potential as a prerequisite for the formulation of effective policies.  

This side event will explore the various approaches currently applied by G20 emerging economies in tackling the issue of reliable data and its utilization and above all, its translation into effective policies, strategies and policies. Pioneering and diverse approaches, for example, the work of the “Indian Resource Panel and India’s new national resource efficiency policy or the goals of the ambitious Mexican “National program for sustainable production and consumption” will be investigated and discussed with key government and private sector representatives and researchers.