Public policy for innovation and urban environment

Topics: Bio economy – priority resources for cities
Keywords: Eco-innovation, sustainable cities, green buildings, greenhouse gases

Antônio José Juliani1, André Fábio de Souza2

1University of Brasilia – UNB, Brazil; 2State University of Goiás – UEG, Brazil; antonio.juliani@yahoo.com.br

Technological innovation has become central to the development of nations. The OECD countries and after developing countries, like Brazil, have created systems to encourage innovation and dissemination of technological innovation. In microeconomic terms, companies already recognize the important role of innovative activities in the maintenance and increase of their participation in national and global markets.

In discussions on the environment, the issue becomes important because these innovations create conditions as well, for improving the life quality of human beings in urban environments, but also involve risks and sometimes bring irreversible consequences to life on the planet.

In this context, the objective of this paper is to explore the relationship between innovation and the urban environment and to indicate the need for public policies of technological innovation that converge to solve the problems and the environmental challenges of the cities in general. As stated Andrade (2004, p. 95), the innovation does not have its own ontology, but is open to contingency and indeterminacy of social practices. Thus, it is for public policy makers indicate the paths and possibilities, improving the levels and quality of production and also minimize environmental problems related to such improvement.

Methodologically, this study begins with a discussion of the different approaches to technological innovation in the context of theoretical environmentalism, sustainable cities and green buildings, lifestyles and education and ecological modernization. It is followed by the technological innovation policies and their relationship to sustainability and concludes with a Brazilian case study that is on the application of eco-innovations to help the city of Rio de Janeiro to organize the Olympics Games in Brazil which allowing the industry, academy, government and the population in general to rethink the use of natural resources such as water, energy and enhance the emission of waste and greenhouse gases to international standards.

Biography
Graduated in Chemical Production Engineering from the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) (1985), Specialization in International Relations from the University of Brasilia (UNB) (2004), Master in Environmental Policy and Management at UNB (2009), PhD in Development sustainable by UNB (2015). It is currently Analyst Foreign Trade, Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC). Participates in working groups that are involved with trade and environmental issues, particularly those relating to the competitiveness of Brazilian products in global markets.

Antonio_José_Juliani