Session 8

Life Cycle Analysis as an eco-efficiency tool in dairy sector enterprises in Bogotá, Colombia: an analysis of driving factors and barriers towards the promotion of its implementation
Angela Tatiana Prias Mahecha, Kenneth Ochoa
Universidad El Bosque, Colombia

A large number of research papers has focused on sustainable supply chain management (SSCM). Likewise, the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) has been positioned as an analytical tool of great utility to carry out this process. However, its implementation, and in general, the eco-efficiency practices operationalization, has proven to be particularly complex and poorly researched for SMEs. This paper critically analyzes the content of a group of articles related to the aforementioned topic. The literature reviewed was structured from year categories, research methodology, research design, data analysis technique, industry sector, multicriteria decision making method (MCDM), drivers and barriers. This allowed to identify crucial gaps in the knowledge of SSCM and to determine future research opportunities in the field. Among the main findings are: (1) the most commonly used research methodology is the case study, (2) the predominant research design is quantitative, (3) the most widely used data analysis technique is descriptive analysis, (4) the use of decision-making methods is scarce and (5) the sector that has been studied in greater depth is the manufacturing sector. As for the driving factors, most studies agree that the most influential are those of an economic nature. Regarding the barriers, it is important to reaffirm three types of classification. The results suggest that there is ample scope to advance research in this field and that the main opportunities are in the inclusion of decision-making methods, the use of methodological triangulation, the expansion to other sectors and the construction of landmarks Theorists.