Session 4

Common Goods – a new concept for land management
Alexa K. Lutzenberger, Franziska Lichter, Sara Holzgreve
ALRENE Enigineering office, Germany

Introduction
Natural resources and their services are the basis of human well-being. This project reviewed in this connection, if common goods can contribute to a sustainable resource management, to avoid intra- and intergenerational resource conflicts with their institutionalization and regulation.

Purpose of the work
Intention was to demonstrate the benefit of the services of common resources to connect this with appropriate management approaches. In the blend of approaches this process is made up of three substance parts. (1.) Creation of a community (social union), to claim a resource (2.), and to govern this resource through collective actions with (3.) Institutions, that comprise formal and informal values, standards a.s.o..

Scientific innovation and relevance
There is a broad variety of different management concepts on local and regional levels in the field of the commons existing. For that, we developed criteria for analyze in form of formal principles for this process. With the help of 22 formal principles of 59 total evaluated principles, the management approaches were assessed on a Meta level. The formal principles in relation to management approaches are guides on the way to a “strong” commoning processThis is a first research approach for “strong” and “soft” commoning.

Results and Conclusion
We could show that the broad variety of common management approaches is sufficiently. The identified resources and the evaluated management approaches in combination with the formal principles offer the possibility to evaluate controlling processes and to adapt them if necessary to a management of global resources.
The Matrix offers a first established platform to evaluate management of global and local resources. It is an instrument to analyze and, if necessary, improve the process of commoning design, that resources can be justice and sustainable administrated and used in future.