Session 3

Bio-mimicry Based Design Strategies for Climate Responsive Sustainable Architecture
Avantika Srivastava1, Tarun Kumar2, Vishal Mishra3, Kriti Bhalla1, Manisha Basu1
1M. S. Ramaiah Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India; 2Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India; 3Vijaya Vittala Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India

This paper studies natural organisms and plants along with their features that can be utilised to formulate better design strategies for climate-responsive buildings. The conventional buildings are often far away from the concept of sustainability. Bio-mimicry using nature as a model, measure, and mentor; gives us more unswerving building systems, responsive to climatic changes in the surrounding, thus reflecting bio-mimicry as a sustainable paradigm. In this paper, few organisms and plants were closely observed over a period of time and their innate, behavioural and evolutionary characteristics were studied. Following which, a strategy was developed to design a framework comprising of the experimental specimens that eventually aided us in replicating their properties and characteristics in the architectural design to give us more environmentally sustainable buildings. A group of 20 design students was asked to design a climate responsive building with and without the help of the proposed framework. It was observed that the designs obtained with the aid of framework were more sustainable and climate responsive as compared to design without the framework. A broad database of various natural organisms and plants needs to be created and applied in the framework in order to provide more creative, innovative and robust design solutions. As living species are known for their ability to adapt according to nature similarly bio-inspired building designs would adapt better to the changing climatic conditions. Such bio-mimicry based design strategies would help create climate responsive and sustainable buildings which would be a part of future sustainable cities.