Participatory Recycling Planning for Public Officials and Project Promoters: Some Cases, Principals and Good Practices based on Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM).
Anne Scheinberg1, Jeroen IJgosse2
1Springloop Coöperatie U.A., Netherlands, The; 2Manaus, Brazil
Participatory planning – like “citizen participation” and “awareness,” are frequently used when public officials and governance institutions are faced with the task of designing and implementing recycling. The basic principle for participatory planning – letting the outcomes depend on the preferences and ideas of the main beneficiaries – is simple, but is seldom understood. This paper presents several cases of participatory planning from the experience of the author and her colleagues working in development co-operation as well as in domestic planning in their home countries, based on a “Little Planning Guide” developed in 1997 by the author as part of mentoring of students at the American University in Bulgaria. The cases illustrate the different types of recycling interventions, show how governance and political will influence decision-making, and provide real and practical guidance for policy- and decision-makers on how to work with the public and system users and service providers to arrive at better results.