Mari Kivinen works as a senior scientist at Geological Survey of Finland. She is specialized on foresight in mineral exploration and mining including the industry´s effect to the environment, society and economy. In addition, she works with following subjects: minerals on circular economy and sustainable development, production chains, and minerals policy. Mari Kivinen studied geology at the University of Helsinki and received her PhD on 2014. Her thesis considered sustainability of the Finnish mining sector in the context of global supply chains of metals. She has worked as a visiting scientist at the Institute for Sustainable Futures (Sydney) and Luleå Technical University (Sweden).