ICT for SDG2 – Reincarnating processes for a healthier world
Harshal Dilip Kate1,2, Harini Swaminathan2,3, Ganesh Ramakrishnan4, Narendra Shah2
1Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, India; 2Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India; 3IITB-Monash Research Academy, Mumbai, India; 4Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
The economic toll on nations due to malnutrition among children has impeding effects on adult productivity. Loss of productivity in adults, and the resultant economic loss to India because of malnu-trition equalled approximately US $ 712 billion (4% of GDP) in 2006-2007. Additionally, malnutrition leads to indirect losses in productivity from poor cognitive development and schooling. Low birthweight may reduce a person’s IQ by 5 percentage points, stunting may reduce it by 5 to 11 points, and iodine deficiency by as much as 10 to 15 points. Figure 1 elaborates the necessity to intervene at the appropriate stages to break the vicious cycle of intergenerational transmission of malnutrition. In this paper, we devise a systematic methodology based on Information and Communication Technolo-gies (ICT) platforms for addressing myriad implementation inadequacies of government schemes de-vised for abatement of malnutrition in India, by directing attention to appropriate target prioritization and promoting equitable distribution of resources. The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), National Health Mission (NHM), and other Ministry of Child and Women Development (MCWD) ad-ministered schemes, namely; SABLA and Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) operate country wide across all states, imminently making multi-scale operability the most critical issue underlying all related outreach problems. The current focus of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – 2030 on food security and improved nutrition (SDG 2) presents new avenues to reduce malnutrition in all forms by 2030, particularly in developing countries, by adopting a life cycle approach for preventing malnutrition in all forms.