Changing Social Spheres: Water Well and Social Interaction
Sudheera Jayaweera Kankanamge
University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
This research paper examines changing social life in auburn spaces with special reference to traditional water wells and social interactions related with them. During the last three decades usability of water resource in Sri Lanka has drastically changed. Influence of urbanization and mechanization has caused a significant impact on the water resource usability as well as human behavioral patterns, social interactions and consumption of communal spaces. Herewith, our research interest raised on to find out what are the changes occurred in traditional water wells in different communal spaces of Colombo district and social interaction models changes bringing forth with usage of the wells.With the growth and expansion of the central urbanized area to the suburb, patterns of water consumption in the settlements also changed. In this research it has been selected 72 water wells in different categories for examination. The vicinity of the each well and surrounding social atmosphere observed. Multiple methods were adapted in the data collection particularly visual methods with interviewing. There are 144 respondents who are living in the close proximity of those wells were interviewed. The main findings shows usage of traditional water wells among the urban communities are getting weekend in remarkable way. 84% says they have other water resource than the water well in their everyday activities but 61% had transformed to use tap lines during their life time. Respectively, 79% and 81% common bathing wells and drinking wells not in use in the urban areas. Cultural values and social interactions accompanied with communal aspects of sharing water are at a disappearing stage. The value systems attached to the water usage has been transformed, and resulted cultural vacuum. Sex and gender relationships attached with the water-wells of Sri Lanka are also on the regression.