Periurban agriculture: An agroproductive shield in pro of food and health security approach for towns and cities




Topics: Resource efficiency policies for sustainable cities and lifestyles, Sustainable lifestyles and education
Keywords: seguridad alimentaria, agroecologia, servicios ambientales, eficiencia productiva

Walter Alberto Pengue



Roundup ready Soybean production became a relevant crop for Argentina and now represents more than 60 % of the completely agricultural area. Things show to be rise dramatically in the coming years.

Two main factors are questioning the effects of industrial agriculture: health and ecological issues that affects directly people in the surroundings of towns and cities and food security effects produce by the logic of cashcrops approach.

Argentina is showing these effects but at the same time are promoting new modes of production particularly putting the focus in food security and health increasing of the periurban populations: an agroproductive shield for towns and cities.

In this presentation, we will see the relevance of implementing periurban gardens and an agroecological productive shield for cities that enriched the quality and incomes of farmers in different cities of the country.

In a general approach, over 80,000 metric tones of food are produced by 4,000 hectares of orchards nationwide, with a market value of around 150 million argentine Pesos. The historical relationship between weight average invested / weight in food produced is about 1 to 10, and there are numerous non-monetary benefits associated with providing the poor with an opportunity to earn money whilst contributing positively to society.

Food produced in home gardens and orchards is typically consumed by the farmers’ families, and community gardens serve those who do not have outdoor space at home. Home gardens of around 100m2 are suitable for feeding families, but schools require around 200 m2 and community gardens are closer to 1,000m2 in size.

The research looks to find a proactive and productive solution so for people and farmers in the surrounding of cities, under a constructive and alternative approach that allow people to produce in a different and better way for people, environment and agronomical conditions.